Given the current global energy crisis that is rooted in population expansion, unsustainable consumption patterns, limits placed by non-renewable energy resources, plus the growing concern about the use of fossil fuels and its environmental consequences (particularly, global warming), there is definite need for all societies to move towards a more sustainable path in respect of energy consumption. Sustainable energy production and consumption can only be realised if societies throughout the world (and in particular, the Caribbean where the most dominant source of energy is fossil fuels) divert their attention and financial and technical resources to the development of renewable energy, and energy efficiency. All CARICOM Member States have recognized the importance of increasing energy security through the sustainable production, delivery and use of energy.
The development and promotion of renewable energy requires the establishment of an enabling institutional framework, as well a society that is aware of, knowledgeable and equip with the requisite skills to ensure the transition; thus the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Technical Assistance (REETA) Programme, implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) supported the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat and the Caribbean Examination Council (CXC) in their efforts to improving the capacity and awareness of Caribbean students on sustainable energy issues.
The Objectives met under this Technical Assistance included:
1. The development of a Digital Toolkit for the Green Engineering Syllabus
2. Training of teachers on the developed digital toolkit
3. Establishment of concept to integrate sustainability in the CXC programmes in general (“Greening Curricula”)
The Green Engineering Syllabus was launched in Guyana in July 2016 and the first papers were sat in the exam period of 2017.