The Caribbean is particularly vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters. And yet, due to a combination of factors, the Caribbean SIDS find themselves greatly dependent on imported fossil fuels in the power and transport sectors, both key to their sustainable economic development. Currently, oil accounts for over 90% of the Caribbean’s primary energy consumption and 87% of its power generation stems from fossil fuel imports.
With submission of their NDCs, some Caribbean countries have committed to ambitious mitigation and adaptation targets that are, however – due to limited capacities and domestic resources, technical constraints and limited baseline data – not directly implementable. These NDCs first need to be unpacked, translated into sectoral and cross sectoral strategies and into bankable projects and programmes. Moreover most NDCs, hastily prepared without coherent guidelines back in 2015, need to be updated, enriched and revised. This process has slowly started in the Caribbean SIDS but requires common understanding commitment and coordination from and between all relevant stakeholders, including decision makers of relevant line ministries.
A central concern lies in the technical and institutional capacity constraints faced by Caribbean SIDS for converting their NDCs objectives and sectoral strategies into implementation plans including clear priorities and financing strategies, that will generate bankable and transformative projects while enhancing access to climate financing channels and leveraging private sector engagement. While comprehensive sectoral strategies exist in the region, they have to be aligned with the NDCs objectives. Robust systems for effective monitoring progress at different levels in the NDC implementation have yet to be established in most Caribbean SIDS, allowing for feed back into financing mobilisation strategies and increasing ambition overtime for future NDC cycles.
The programme “Supporting the implementation of NDCs in the Caribbean – transforming the energy and transport sectors towards a low-carbon and climate-resilient future” uses an integrated approach to support CARICOM SIDS in accelerating the implementation and raising the ambition of their NDCs, including energy and transport sector priorities. The programme supports the development of conducive framework conditions and institutional structures, as well as the design of national and regional implementation strategies aligned with sectoral strategies/action plans and synergetic with SDGs. “Transformation flagships” in the priority sectors energy and transport in 3-5 countries provide evidence for paradigm shift potentials and leverage funding for profound transformation. This promotes the region’s access to and its attractiveness for climate financing and paves the way for a low-carbon and climate-resilient future. Regional exchange, knowledge building and global outreach will position Caribbean SIDS as leaders in NDC implementation and ambition.
The program will achieve its objectives through joint efforts of seven consortium partners: German Development Cooperation (GIZ), Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Climate Analytics Inc. (CA), Caricom Secretariat (CCS), Caribbean Development Bank (CDB), The University of the West Indies (UWI) and SIDS DOCK .